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Civil Engineering

Pascale Champagne: Research

Naturalized Treatment Systems - Landfill Leachate

Project Descriptions:

Investigation and selection of optimal passive treatment system for the mitigation of landfill leachate. This OCE Interact funded project was initiated in June 2008 in collaboration with SNC-Lavalin, Waterloo Biofilter and the City of North Bay. The results of a bench-scale study initiated in September 2008 were employed to design and test a short list of pilot-scale passive treatment systems to treat the landfill leachate generated at the Merrick Landfill in North Bay. The pilot-scale system was implemented at the field site and the project was expanded into an NSERC CRD with the City of North Bay, Conestoga Rovers and Associates and AQUA Treatment Technologies in collaboration with Dr. Kent Novakowski in the Department of Civil Engineering at Queen’s University, Dr. Bruce Anderson in the Department of Civil Engineering at Queen’s University and Dr. Peter Hodson  in the Department of Biology at Queen’s University, which will develop, test and demonstrate, on a pilot-scale, a state-of-the-art integrated hybrid passive treatment technology that will allow for the controlled release and treatment of municipal landfill leachate through a waste heat temperature-regulated hybrid passive treatment system and subsequent natural attenuation zone, and contribute to the enhancement of a newly established fish habitat in a naturally depleted receiving environment.

 

Establishment of a field-scale demonstration system to characterize the performance of a coastal fringe constructed wetland for the treatment of diffuse landfill leachate. The project was undertaken in collaboration with Dr. Bruce Anderson in the Department of Civil Engineering at Queen's University, Malroz Engineering Inc. and the City of Kingston, Ontario in the September of 2005.

     

Publications:

Speer, S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson (2013). Using Fundamental Hydrogeological Equations to Monitor the Effects of Clogging and Media Consolidation on the Hydraulic Regime of a Vertical Subsurface Flow Treatment System. Journal of Environmental Management 118:11-20 (On-line Publication December 28, 2012) (IF = 3.245)

 

Speer, S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson. A New Method for Monitoring the Effects of Clogging and Media Consolidation on the Hydraulic Regime of a Vertical Subsurface Flow Treatment System. Journal of Environmental Management (Submitted October 21 2011; Ref: JEMA-D-11-02052) (IF = 2.80)

 

Speer, S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson. Bench-Scale Evaluation of Biological Trickle Filters for Landfill Leachate Treatment. Journal of Environmental Engineering – ASCE (Submitted September 11 2011; Ref: EEENG-1487) (IF = 1.117)

 

Speer, S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson (2012) Treatability Study of Two Hybrid Passive Treatments Systems for Landfill Leachate Operated in Cold Temperature. Water Quality Research Journal of Canada (In Press; Ref: WQRJC-D-11-00025R1) (IF = 0.708)

 

Speer, S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson (2012) Pilot-Scale Comparison of Two Hybrid Passive Landfill Leachate Treatment Systems Operated in a Cold Climate Bioresource Technology (In Press; Online publication November 3 2011) (IF = 4.365)

 

Lossing, H., P. Champagne and J. McLellan (2010) Examination of Sludge Accumulation Rates and Sludge Characteristics for a Decentralized Community Wastewater Treatment System with Individual Residential Primary Clarifier Tanks Located in Wardsville (Ontario, Canada) Journal of Water Science and Technology 62(12):2944-2952 (IF = 1.056)

 

Champagne, P. and C. Li (2009) The Use of Sphagnum Peat Moss and Crushed Mollusk Shells in Fixed-Bed Columns for the Treatment of Synthetic Landfill Leachate. Material Cycles and Waste Management. 11(4):339-347 (IF = 0.498) (invited paper)

 

Li, C. and P. Champagne (2009) Fixed-Bed Column Study for the Adsorption of Cadmium (II) and Nickel (II) Ions in Aqueous Solutions Using Peat and Mollusk Shells. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 171:872-878 (IF = 3.723)

 

 

Conference Abstracts & Presentations:

 

Champagne, P., S. Speer, R. Plourde and A. Evans (2013) An Integrated Hybrid Passive Landfill Leachate Treatment System to Mitigate Impacts on Receiving Environments. 22nd International Conference on the Solid Waste Technology & Management. March 18-21. Philadelphia, PA. (Invited Speaker)

 

Champagne, P., S. Speer and A. Evans (2013) An Integrated Hybrid Passive Landfill Leachate Treatment System to Preserve Fish Habitat – Cold Temperature and Pilot-Scale Study. 6th International Perspective on Water Resources and the Environment (IPWE/EWRI). January 7-9. Izmir, Turkey.

 

Plourde, R., K. Novakowski and P. Champagne (2012) The Potential Impact of Naturally-Attenuated Leachate from he Merrick Landfill on the Little Sturgeon River. 39th IAH Congress. September 12-16. Niagara Falls, Ontario.

 

Wallace, J. and P. Champagne (2012) Environmental Interactions and Impacts of Treated Landfill Leachate Constituents Following Treatment With a Hybrid Passive System. 2012 Canadian Society of Civil Engineering Conference and 12th International Environmental Specialty Conference. June 6-9. Edmonton, Alberta.

 

Evans, A., P. Champagne and P. Hodson (2012) Validation of Modelling of Leachate Toxicity using a Toxicity Identification Evaluation. 2012 Canadian Society of Civil Engineering Conference and 12th International Environmental Specialty Conference. June 6-9. Edmonton, Alberta.

 

Champagne, P. (2012) Bioremediation and Phytoremediation Processes for the Treatment of Contaminated Landfill Leachate and Industrial Wastewaters. Passive Treatment Systems Workshop. Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan. March 3-18. Merida, Mexico (invited speaker)

 

Evans, A., P. Champagne and P. Hodson (2012) Toxicity of Landfill Leachate at Merrick Landfill. 5th International Perspective on Water Resources and the Environment. January 5-7. Marrakesh, Morocco.

 

Speer, S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson (2012) Naturalized Leachate Treatment Systems for Source Water Protection in a Cold Climate. 5th International Perspective on Water Resources and the Environment. January 5-7. Marrakesh, Morocco.

 

Speer, S., P. Champagne, B. Anderson and A. Maier (2012) Evaluation of a Pump and Treat Leachate Management Plan for the Closed Bell Park Landfill. 5th International Perspective on Water Resources and the Environment. January 5-7. Marrakesh, Morocco.

 

Evans, A., P. Champagne and P. Hodson (2011) Toxicity of Landfill Leachate at Merrick Landfill (North Bay, Ontario) ACS 242nd National Meeting. August 28-September 1, Denver Colorado.

 

Speer, S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson (2011) Sustainable Landfill Leachate Treatment in a Cold Climate Hybrid-Passive System at the Merrick Landfill in North Bay, Ontario, Canada ACS 242nd National Meeting. August 28-September 1, Denver Colorado.

 

Evans A., P. Champagne and P.V. Hodson (2011) Toxicity Testing at Merrick Landfill. 46th Central Canadian Symposium on Water Quality Research. Canadian Association on Water Quality (CAWQ) February 22-23, Burlington, Ontario

 

Speer S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson (2011) Treatability Study of Two Hybrid-Passive Systems for Control of Landfill Leachate at Cold Temperature. 46th Central Canadian Symposium on Water Quality Research. Canadian Association on Water Quality (CAWQ) February 22-23, Burlington, Ontario.

 

Speer S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson (2010) Leachate Management at the Merrick Landfill, North Bay. 1st Student Symposium on Water-Related Issues. Water Research Group. September 24, Kingston, Ontario

 

Evans S., P. Champagne and P. Hodson (2010) Potential Impact of Landfill Leachate and Groundwater on Surface Receivers – Toxicity Study. 1st Student Symposium on Water-Related Issues. Water Research Group. September 24, Kingston, Ontario

 

Plourde, R., K. Novakowski and P. Champagne (2010) The Potential Impact of Naturally-Attenuated Leachate from the Merrick Landfill on the Little Sturgeon River 1st Student Symposium on Water-Related Issues. Water Research Group. September 24, Kingston, Ontario

 

Speer, S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson (2010) From Problem Statement to Pilot Scale: A Hybrid Passive Treatment System for Landfill Leachate in North Bay, Ontario, Canada. EWRI World Environmental and Water Resources Congress. May 16-20. Providence, Rhode Island.

 

Champagne, P., S. Speer and B. Anderson (2009) Pretreatment Study for an Integrated Naturalized Landfill Leachate Treatment System to Preserve Fish Habitat. 12th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium. October 5-9. Sardinia, Italy.

 

Lossing, H., P. Champagne and J. McLellan (2009) Case Study: Solids Accumulation Rates and Sludge Characteristics for a Decentralized Community Wastewater Treatment System with Individual Primary Clarifier Tanks Located in Wardsville, Ontario. 5th Canadian Residuals and Biosolids Conference. WEAO. September 13-15. Niagara Falls, Ontario.

 

Speer, S., P. Champagne and B. Anderson (2009) A Decommissioned Landfill Reclamation Case Study: Belle Park, Kingston Ontario (Canada). International Conference on Environmental Management and Engineering. July 6-9. Banff, Alberta (session chair)

 

Champagne, P. and C. Li (2008) Biosorption of Cadmium (II) and Nickel from Synthetic Landfill Leachate by Sphagnum Peat Moss and Crushed Mollusk Shells in Fixed-Bed Columns. 5th Asian-Pacific Landfill Symposium. October 22-24. Sapporo, Japan

 

Champagne, P. and M. Khalekuzzaman (2006) A Sequential Aerated Peat Biofilter System for the Treatment of Landfill Leachate. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Evolution, Monitoring, Simulation, Management and Remediation of the Geological Environment and Landscape. J. Martin-Duque, C. Brebbia, D. Emmanouloudis and U. Mander Eds. June 6-8. Rhodes, Greece. p. 125-134. ISBN: 1-84564-168-X

 

Technical Reports:

 

Speer, S., R. Plourde, A. Evans and P. Champagne (2011) Performance of Two Hybrid-Passive Systems Treating Landfill Leachate - Merrick Landfill Site City of North Bay Pilot-Scale Study Summary Report – Summary Report prepared for Conestoga-Rovers and Associates. August 15 2011. Department of Civil Engineering, Queen’s University.

 

Speer, S. and P. Champagne (2010) Merrick Landfill Site City of North Bay Treatability Study Summary Report – Summary Report prepared for Conestoga-Rovers and Associates. October 18 2010. Department of Civil Engineering, Queen’s University.

 

Champagne, P. and T. Bowen (2007) Flow Attenuation in a Septic Tank Effluent Gravity (STEG) System Clarifier Tank: Flow Attenuation Characteristics of Clarifier Tank and Selected Flow Attenuation Devices – Final Testing Report prepared for Clearford Industries, Inc. Queen’s University Coastal Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering. 40 pp.

 

Speer, S. and P. Champagne (2007) Flow Attenuation in a Septic Tank Effluent Gravity (STEG) System Clarifier Tank: Comprehensive Clarifier Tank Testing – Preliminary Testing Report prepared for Clearford Industries, Inc. Queen’s University Coastal Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering. 28 pp.

 

Champagne, P (2006) Flow Attenuation in a Septic Tank Effluent Gravity (STEG) System Clarifier Tank – Phase I. Final Report prepared for Clearford Industries, Inc. Queen's University Coastal Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering. 23 pp.

 

Funding Sources:

  • NSERC CREATE Training Program in Civil Engineering - Dalhousie University (2011 - 2016)

  • NSERC Collaborative Research & Development Grant (CRD) - City of North Bay, Conestoga-Rovers & Ass, AQUA Treatment Technologies (2010 - 2013)