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Civil Engineering

Pascale Champagne: Research

Biomass to Energy - Bio-Oil from Algae

Project Description:

In the Summer of 2010, a collaborative research project was established with Dr. Philip Jessop (CRC Tier II in Green Chemistry) in the Department of Chemistry Queen's University, Dr. Warren Mabee (Director of Queen's Institute for Energy and Environmental Policy) in the Departments of Geography and Policy Studies at Queen's University which explores the enhanced production of bio-oil in freshwater micro-algae and the extraction of the bio-oil using a novel green solvent process. This ORF-RE funded project will employ flue gas CO2, organic materials and nutrients derived from waste streams and involves industry partnerships with Lafarge Cement, Utilities Kingston, Switchable Solutions Inc, Converted Carbon Technologies Corp and NRC Marine Research Institute (Halifax). The novel extraction process will employ switchable solvents and be applicable to "wet" biomass eliminating the need for energy intensive biomass drying, as well as costly and environmentally detrimental solvent recovery processes.

Publications:

 

Boyd, A., P. Champagne, P. McGinn, K. MacDougall, J. Melanson and P. Jessop (2012) Switchable Hydrophilicity Solvents for Lipid Extraction from Microalgae for Biofuel Production. Bioresource Technology (Submitted November 07 2011; Ref: BITE-D-11-06201) (IF = 4.365).

Champagne, P. and T. Westman Pulp and Paper Mill Biosolids as a Resource: Growth and Composting Studies Using St. Marys Paper Biosolids. International Journal of Environment and Waste Management. (In Press. IJEWM 10(3/4) 2012. Accepted August 2, 2010; Ref. SWM-07-0605) (invited paper)

Champagne, P. and T. Westman (2010) Land Application and Passive Stabilization of Pulp and Paper Biosolids: A Case Study. World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development. 7(3):198-216 (invited paper)

Dinel, H., T. Marche, M. Schnitzer, T. Pare and P. Champagne (2004) Co-composting of Paper Mill Sludge and Hardwood Sawdust Under Two Types of In-Vessel Processes. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B 'Äì Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes. 39(1):139-151 (IF = 1.119)

Marche, T., M. Schnitzer, H. Dinel, T. Pare, P. Champagne, H.-R. Schulten and G. Facey (2003) Chemical Changes During Composting of Paper Mill Sludge-Hardwood Sawdust Mixture. Geoderma. 116(3-4):345-356 (IF = 2.176)

Westman, T., P. Champagne and L. Greco (2005) From Waste to Product: Developing Pulp and Paper Mill Biosolids into a Marketable Product; WEF/AWWA/KY-TNWEA Joint Residual and Biosolids Conference; April 17-20; Nashville, TN.

Westman, T., P. Champagne and L. Greco (2005) Biosolids Land Application as a Method of Passive Stabilization of Pulp and Paper Mill Biosolids; 20th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management. R. Mersky and W. Shieh Eds; April 3-6; Philadelphia, PA. pp. 10 (CD ROM). ISSN: 1091-8043

Marche, T., P. Champagne, M. Schnitzer, H. Dinel and T. Pare (2003) Characteristics of Paper Mill Sludge in a Co-Composting Process; 18th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management. R. Mersky and W. Shieh Eds; March 23-26; Philadelphia, PA. pp. 10 (on CD ROM). ISSN 1091-8043

Champagne, P., T. Marche, H. Dinel, M. Schnitzer and T. Pare (2002) Composting Paper Mill Sludge; Proceeding of the Joint CSCE/EWRI of ASCE International Conference on Environmental Engineering. W. Stiver and R. Zytner Eds; July 21-24; Niagara Falls, Ontario. pp. 12 (on CD ROM) ISBN: 0-88955-532-X

 

Conference Abstracts & Presentations:

 

Champagne, P., A. Boyd, M. Jessop, A. Paudel and P. Jessop (2013) Algal Bio-oil Extraction Using Subcritical CO2-Induced Solvent Systems 3rd International Conference on Algal Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts. June 16-19. Toronto, ON.

Champagne, P. (2013) Waste Streams & Recycled CO2 to Enhance Bio-Oil Extraction from Microalgae. Waste-to-Value Workshop. February 13-14. Vancouver, BC.

Champagne, P. (2012) Perspectives on Overcoming Techno-Economic Challenges in Bio-oil Production from Algal Biomass. 1st Iberoamerican Congress on Biorefineries (1-CIAB). October 24-26. Los Cabos, Mexico (invited speaker; session chair)

Champagne, P. (2012) Bioenergy Production by CO2 Enhanced Algal Growth and CO2-Induced Bio-Oil Extraction International Conference on Industrial Biotechnology (ICIB). November 21-24. Patiala, India (invited keynote speaker, session chair)

Champagne, P. (2012) The use of Waste Streams to Enhance Bio-oil Production from Algal Biomass. 5th International Conference on Challenges in Environmental Science and Engineering. September 9-13, Melbourne, Australia. (invited speaker, session chair)

Boyd, A., P. Champagne and P. Jessop (2012) Bio-oil Extractions from Microalgae Using Switchable Solvents. 4th International IUPAC Conference on Green Chemistry. August 25-29. Foz do Iguacu, Brazil.

Boyd, A., P. Champagne and P. Jessop (2012) Extractions from Microalgae Using Switchable Solvents. 2nd International Conference on Algal Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts. June 10-13. San Diego, California.

Champagne, P. (2011) CO2 Recycling and Bioenergy Production by Enhanced Algal Growth and Extraction. International Conference on New Horizons in Biotechnology. November 21-24. Trivandrum, India (invited keynote speaker, session chair)

Boyd, A., P. Jessop and P. Champagne (2011) Switchable Solvents for Biofuel Production from Algae. 94th Canadian Society for Chemistry Conference. June 5-9, Montreal, Quebec.

Champagne, P. (2002) Site Remediation Through Bioproducts Utilization, Invited Speaker, Northern Ontario Bioproducts Initiative, December 6, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario.

 

Funding Sources:

 
  • Ontario Research Fund (ORF) 'Äì Research Excellence Round 5 (RE5) Program (2012 - 2015)

  • NSERC Discovery Grant (2011 - 2016)

  • NSERC CREATE Training Program in Civil Engineering - Dalhousie University (2011 - 2016)

  • Early Researcher Award (ERA) - Ontario Ministry of Research Innovation (2011-2012)