Loading

Civil Engineering

General Laboratory Safety

2.1 General

  • Know and follow safety rules, procedures and protocols

  • Be aware of hazards, and the procedures for dealing with those hazards, before you start your work

  • Fire doors must be kept closed at all times

  • Familiarize yourself with all safety equipment and procedures in your work area (telephone, exits, fire extinguishers, fire alarms, fire blankets, safety shower, eyewash fountain, first aid kit, evacuation routes)

  • Never block emergency exits, emergency equipment or electrical panels

  • Post suitable warning signs if a specific hazardous situation exists; include the name and phone number of individual(s) responsible

  • Maintain a tidy workplace

  • Research labs must keep lab doors closed to effect proper ventilation of the lab

  • Keep your work area locked when unoccupied to avoid unauthorized entry

  • No bicycles, roller blades or pets in the building

back to table of contents


2.2 Student/Worker Safety Orientation Checklist

Description and sanctioning. Refer to Form I.

back to table of contents


2.3 Release of Liability for Visitors and Volunteers

Description and sanctioning. Refer to Form III.

back to table of contents


2.4 Working Alone

Undergraduate students must not work alone in a laboratory at any time. A second person must be present and must assume responsibility for supervision of the undergraduate. The work carried out must be authorized by a faculty member.
For other members of the Department, working alone is usually defined as working in a laboratory outside of normal working hours (8 a.m. to 6 p.m., Monday through Friday) in the absence of any other co-workers. Individuals may work alone if their laboratory work is of a non-hazardous nature and if there is someone else working on the same floor and wing of the building and is aware of their presence.
If, for some reason, hazardous work must be performed outside normal working hours then the following procedure must be followed:
  1. The work must have your supervisor's approval,

  2. A second co-worker must be available in case of emergency, or

  3. The Emergency Report Centre (ext. 36111) and/or Campus Security (ext. 36733) must be contacted to set up a check-in routine with you; they must be contacted once your work is completed.

If you are working late at night, both the Campus Security Escort Service (ext. 36080) and the A.M.S. Walk-home Service (ext. 39255) are available.

back to table of contents

2.5 Safety Rules within the Department of Civil Engineering

  • All accidents must be reported to your supervisor and to the Department Safety Officer.

  • Anyone wishing to use any power tools must have the approval of a qualified technician and must have received appropriate training on that equipment prior to any use.

  • Faculty, staff and students must not work alone when using power tools, hazardous substances, or dangerous equipment. Undergraduates must not work alone in a laboratory at any time. No unauthorized work shall be performed in the testing laboratories and shops after normal operating hours.

  • The student/workers must notify their supervisor if they will be working after normal operating hours in any testing laboratories or shops and must abide by the university's policy on working alone.

  • All laboratory and shop doors will be locked after normal operating hours (i.e. 8:30 to 4:30). If a later lockup time is needed, responsibility for ensuring a particular laboratory is locked may be transferred to a responsible person.

  • An undergraduate student may work in testing laboratory areas only if a faculty member or staff member is notified, and there is a responsible person present (any exceptions to this policy will be made by the Department Head).

  • All supervisors are responsible for ensuring that proper personal protective equipment is worn by their student/worker (e.g. safety shoes, safety glasses, etc.).

  • The initial use of any unproven testing system must be supervised by the principal investigator responsible for the project. This includes all testing systems which employ any hazardous substance. The health and safety of all persons who may come in contact with a testing system must be considered.

  • For testing systems which use regulated hazardous substances, a written plan specifying all control measures to be taken to ensure the safe handling of the substance(s) must be developed. This plan should include details of the procedures to be used in case of accidental spill or exposure of workers/students, and the method of disposal should be outlined. The plan must have the approval of the Department of Environmental Health and Safety and the Department Safety Officer.

  • All hazardous substances purchased or received in the Department must be done via the Environmental Technologist, so proper handling and storage procedures are met. All shipments of hazardous substances must meet the Transport of Dangerous Goods legislation and the universities standard operating procedures.

  • All supervisors are responsible for ensuring that their student/worker completes a WHMIS training course.

  • All students/workers and supervisors must complete and sign the student/worker safety orientation checklist.

back to table of contents


2.6 Off-Campus Activity Safety Policy

The fundamental premise of this Off-Campus Activity Safety Policy is that from the initial stages of planning, off-campus activities must be evaluated from a safety perspective. The Policy recognizes that most off-campus activities entail risks that are no greater than the participants would face in every day life and can be safely carried out with minimal planning and preparation. However, in the case of a an activity that entails risks higher than this, appropriate advance planning, preparation, and training must be carried out so that the foreseeable risks are appropriately managed, and an activity safety plan must be approved before the activity takes place. In circumstances where it is concluded that the risks are unmanageable, the activity should not be carried out.

The Policy recognizes that planning and preparation, including risk assessment, for an off-campus activity should be carried out by the organizer(s) - normally at the Unit/Department level - who, it is understood, will have specific relevant knowledge. When hazards falling outside local expertise are identified, the Policy requires that planners/organizers consult appropriate experts for advice. As part of the preparations for for an activity, participants must be provided with appropriate training and briefing delivered by persons with the requisite expertise.

The Policy clearly defines the responsibilities of participants and those in the chain of responsibility with respect to safety in off-campus activities. Additional information about resources that will assist planners in meeting the requirements of the Policy is provided in the Supporting Information. See: Off-Campus Activity Safety Policy

FEAS Field Trip Sign-off form

There are conditions on each type of travel activity for undergrad students:

 If the travel is local (Kingston) to meet with their industry client then they can do this without any official approval.

  • If the local visit includes a trip to an active field site or construction site and there are safety hazards other than those encountered in everyday life and they are attending with a knowledgeable person (TA, instructor, Client) then the attached form is required to document the activity and the official approval.
  • If they are NOT traveling with a client or TA or Instructor then a full (high risk) OCASP plan must be completed and approved prior to leaving. The OCASP plans must be submitted at least a week in advance of the trip departure date. Here is the link to OCASP:http://www.safety.queensu.ca/ocasp/ocasp2.htm

back to table of contents


2.7 Crane and Hoist Training

2.7.1 Guidelines on the Operation of Cranes and Hoists

The following guidelines are for persons who request the use of cranes or hoists. Any permission is limited to the crane(s) and/or hoist(s) listed in the description section of a 'Record of Training' (not everyone requesting the use of cranes and hoists will be granted this permission). A verbal request for permission to use any lifting equipment is to the Departmental Manager and if approved, he will arrange for training and provide a 'Record of Training' document for appropriate sign-offs.

A competent certified crane operator will be assigned to provide limited training and guidance. Only those persons who will be operating a crane or hoist may be trained and this training will be tailored to the lift operation(s) needed and no other lift may be attempted. The Departmental Manager must grant the final permission by signing-off on the 'Record of Training' before any lifting equipment is used.

Guidelines:

  • Only persons who are trained and certified as crane operators and have a completed Record of Training may operate lifting equipment

  • Operators must be tested on each lift operation by a certified competent crane operator and this training must be documented on their Record of Training

  • Only approved lift operations will be performed (some lifts will not be approved)

  • NO LIFTS MAY BE PERFORMED WHERE THE LOAD PASSES OVER ANOTHER PERSON!

  • NO LIFTS MAY BE PERFORMED WHILE WORKING ALONE!

  • HARD HATS MUST BE WORN FOR ALL LIFT OPERATIONS!

  • In general, the equipment will only be used during normal operating hours and be locked-out when not in use

  • Persons in care and control of any hoisting equipment are responsible for the safety of all personnel in the near vicinity

  • Any lift operations after normal operating hours must have the prior approval of the operator's supervisor and the Departmental Manager

back to table of contents


2.7.2 Operating Instructions for 1-Ton Portable Crane

Make: Ruger
Model: HP18

Crane Pre-operation Inspection

  1. Visually inspect chain, hook, safety latches, lifting ram, boom, valve, and hydraulic lines for damage or hydraulic oil leaks.

  2. Ensure unit is clean and clear of obstruction before attempting to lift load.

General Operating Instructions

  1. Only qualified persons may operate this unit.

  2. Ensure the load to be lifted is within the crane, chains or slings capacity.

  3. Before picking-up a load, check for hook to be directly above load and load is balanced; AVOID OFF-CENTER LOADING OF ANY KIND.

  4. Never lift or transport a load until all persons are clear.

  5. To lift load adjust control valve clock wise all the way until fully closed and then open by turning counter clock-wise a quarter turn, then pump hydraulic ram slowly until load is suspended.

  6. Avoid shock and jerking of hoist load chain. If there is any evidence of overloading, immediately lower load.

  7. Before attempting to transport load, test stability of the system and adjust load if necessary.

  8. When transporting a load with portable crane, keep the load suspended just clear of the floor and/or supported by crane legs.

  9. Install boom to the portable crane to extend reach out and up for load lifting, watch for pinch points while adjusting boom.

  10. The load capacity of the crane is significantly diminished with the extension boom installed. Overload relief valve in hydraulic system will not prevent crane from tipping if overloaded; CHECK CRANE CAPACITY CHART FOR BOOM APPLICATION.

Safety Procedure

  1. DO NOT use crane for lifting persons.

  2. DO NOT use damaged chains or sling.

  3. DO NOT load hoist, chains or slings beyond the rated capacity.

  4. DO NOT allow load to swing or twist while hoisting.

  5. DO NOT stand on steering end of crane in order to lift more weight on extension boom.

  6. DO NOT allow the load to bear against the hook latch.

  7. Ensure attachments to the hook are firmly seated in hook saddle.

  8. DO NOT load the point of hook; avoid off-center loading of any kind.

  9. DO NOT move load over the head of any person. Warn all persons of your intentions to move load into their area.

  10. Stand clear from load and keep all personnel at a safe distance from hoisting operation.

  11. DO NOT use hoist when tired, distracted or under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication which cause diminished control.

  12. STAY ALERT, watch what you are doing and use common sense.

back to table of contents


2.7.3 Operating Instructions for 3 Ton Overhead Crane

Make: Richard Wilcox and Robbins Myers

Crane pre-operation inspection

  1. Visually inspect cables, rope drum, hook (hook should turn freely), and safety latches ensuring they are in good working conditions.

  2. Test limit switches by raising the hook block without load (Hook block should stop when there is 3 cable loops on drum) and then lowering the hook block (Hook should not touch the floor). DO NOT operate crane if limit switches are not operating properly.

  3. Ensure the hoist trolley and brakes work properly by moving crane in all directions.

General Operating Instructions

  1. Only qualified persons may operate this unit.

  2. Ensure the load to be lifted is within the crane, chains or slings capacity.

  3. Before picking-up a load, check for hook to be directly above load and load is balanced; AVOID OFF-CENTER LOADING OF ANY KIND.

  4. Never lift or transport a load until all persons are clear.

  5. Avoid shock and jerking of hoist load chain. If there is any evidence of overloading, immediately lower load.

  6. DO NOT allow load to bear against the hook latch.

  7. Take up a slack load chain carefully and start load slowly to avoid shock and jerking of hoist load chain. If there is any evidence of overloading, immediately lower load.

Safety Procedure

  1. DO NOT use crane for lifting persons.

  2. DO NOT use damaged chains or slings.

  3. DO NOT load hoist, chains or slings beyond the rated capacity.

  4. DO NOT allow load to swing or twist while hoisting.

  5. DO NOT leave suspended load unattended.

  6. DO NOT allow load to bear against the hook latch.

  7. DO NOT move load over the head of any person. Warn all persons of your intentions to move load into their area.

  8. DO NOT wrap load chain around load or choke the chain around load.

  9. Ensure attachments to the hook are firmly seated in hook saddle.

  10. DO NOT load the point of hook; avoid off-center loading of any kind.

  11. DO NOT operate hoist if reeved hoist chains are twisted.

  12. DO NOT allow load to bear against the hook latch.

  13. NEVER operate the hoist when flammable materials or vapours are present. Electrical devices produce arcs or sparks that may cause a fire or explosion.

  14. DO NOT use hoist when tired, distracted or under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication which cause diminished control.

  15. STAY ALERT, watch what you are doing and use common sense.

back to table of contents


2.7.4 Operating Instructions for 2 Ton Chainfall

Make: MATTCO
Model: Bantan

Crane pre-operation inspection

  1. Visually inspect chain, side plates, top and bottom hooks (hooks should turn freely) and safety latches ensuring they are in good working condition.

General Operating Instructions

  1. Only qualified persons may operate this unit.

  2. Ensure the load to be lifted is within the crane, chains and/or slings capacity.

  3. Before hoisting a load, check for load to be balanced and hook to be directly above load; AVOID OFF-CENTER LOADING OF ANY KIND.

  4. Never lift a load until all persons are clear.

  5. Avoid shock and jerking of hoist load chain. If there is any evidence of overloading immediately lower the load.

  6. DO NOT allow load to bear against the hook latch.

  7. Ensure attachments to the hook are firmly seated in hook saddle.

  8. Limit load to 80% of max. capacity for better hoist performance

Safety Procedure

  1. DO NOT use chainfall for lifting persons.

  2. DO NOT use damaged chains or slings.

  3. DO NOT load hoist, chains or slings beyond the rated capacity.

  4. DO NOT allow load to swing or twist while hoisting.

  5. DO NOT leave suspended load unattended.

  6. DO NOT allow the load to bear against the hook latch.

  7. DO NOT move load over the head of any person. Warn all persons of your intentions to move load into their area.

  8. DO NOT wrap load chain around load or choke the chain around load.

  9. DO NOT load the point of hook; avoid off center loading of any kind.

  10. DO NOT operate hoist if reeved hoist chains are twisted.

  11. DO NOT use hoist when tired, distracted or under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication which cause diminished control.

  12. STAY ALERT, watch what you are doing and use common sense.

back to table of contents


2.7.5 Operating Instructions for 2 Ton Jib Crane

Make: CM LODESTAR
Model: A41010

Crane pre-operation inspection

  1. Visually inspect cables, rope drum, hook (hook should turn freely) and safety latches ensuring they are in good working conditions.

  2. Test limit switches by raising the hook block without load (Hook block should stop 3 inches from bottom of hoist) and then lowering the hook block (Hook should not touch the floor). DO NOT operate crane if limit switches are not operating properly.

  3. Ensure the hoist trolley moves both ways by pulling the hoist chain without load to the desired direction, DO NOT pull control station cable.

General Operating Instructions

  1. Only qualified persons may operate this unit.

  2. Ensure the load to be lifted is within the crane, chains or slings capacity.

  3. Before picking-up a load, check for hook to be directly above load and load is balanced; AVOID OFF-CENTER LOADING OF ANY KIND.

  4. Never lift or transport a load until all persons are clear.

  5. Avoid shock and jerking of hoist load chain. If there is any evidence of overloading, immediately lower load.

  6. DO NOT allow load to bear against the hook latch.

  7. Take up a slack load chain carefully and start load slowly to avoid shock and jerking of hoist load chain. If there is any evidence of overloading, immediately lower load.

  8. Move load along the trolley by pushing suspended load; DO NOT pull control station cable or load.

Safety Procedure

  1. DO NOT use crane for lifting persons.

  2. DO NOT use damaged chains or slings.

  3. DO NOT load hoist, chains or slings beyond the rated capacity.

  4. DO NOT allow load to swing or twist while hoisting.

  5. DO NOT leave suspended load unattended.

  6. DO NOT allow the load to bear against the hook latch.

  7. DO NOT move load over the head of any person. Warn all persons of your intentions to move load into their area.

  8. DO NOT wrap load chain around load or choke the chain around load.

  9. Ensure attachments to the hook are firmly seated in hook saddle.

  10. Avoid off center loading of any kind; DO NOT load the point of hook.

  11. DO NOT operate hoist if reeved hoist chains are twisted.

  12. DO NOT allow the load to bear against the hook latch.

  13. NEVER operate the hoist when flammable materials or vapours are present. Electrical devices produce arcs or sparks that may cause a fire or explosion.

  14. DO NOT use hoist when tired, distracted or under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication which cause diminished control.

  15. STAY ALERT, watch what you are doing and use common sense.

back to table of contents


2.7.6 Operating Instructions for 300 lb Electric Roller Chain Hoist

Model: 7735
Crane pre-operation inspection

  1. Visually inspect cables, rope drum, hook (hook should turn freely) and safety latch ensuring they are in good working condition.

  2. Ensure the UP and DOWN switches work, chain moves while switches is being pressed, and once released it should STOP.

General Operation Instructions

  1. Only qualified persons may operate unit.

  2. Ensure the load to be lifted is within the crane, chains or slings capacity.

  3. Before picking-up a load, check for hook or trolley to be directly above load and load is balanced; AVOID OFF-CENTER LOADING OF ANY KIND.

  4. Never lift or transport a load until all persons are clear.

  5. Avoid shock and jerking of hoist load chain. If there is any evidence of overloading, immediately lower load.

  6. DO NOT allow load to bear against the hook latch.

  7. Do not operate hoist with rubber bumper installed on chain.

  8. Take up a slack load chain carefully and start load slowly to avoid shock and jerking of hoist load chain. If there is any evidence of overloading, immediately lower load.

  9. Move load along the trolley by pushing suspended load, DO NOT pull control station cable or chain.

Safety Procedure

  1. DO NOT use crane for lifting persons.

  2. DO NOT use damaged chains or slings.

  3. DO NOT load hoist, chains or slings beyond the rated capacity.

  4. DO NOT allow load to swing or twist while hoisting.

  5. DO NOT leave suspended load unattended.

  6. DO NOT allow the load to bear against the hook latch.

  7. DO NOT move load over the head of any person. Warn all persons of your intentions to move load into their area.

  8. DO NOT wrap load chain around load or choke the chain around load.

  9. Ensure attachments to the hook are firmly seated in hook saddle.

  10. Avoid off center loading of any kind; DO NOT load the point of hook.

  11. DO NOT operate hoist if reeved hoist chains are twisted.

  12. DO NOT allow the load to bear against the hook latch.

  13. NEVER operate the hoist when flammable materials or vapours are present. Electrical devices produce arcs or sparks that may cause a fire or explosion.

  14. DO NOT use hoist when tired, distracted or under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication which cause diminished control.

  15. STAY ALERT, watch what you are doing and use common sense.

back to table of contents


2.7.7 Operating Instructions for 750 lb Peda-Lift Table

Make: WESCO
Model: DPL 54-2222

Crane pre-operation inspection

  1. Visually inspect peda-lift table, chain, hydraulic jack and pedals, ensuring they are in good working condition.

General Operating Instructions

  1. Only qualified persons may operate the peda-lift table.

  2. Ensure the load to be lifted is within peda-lift capacity.

  3. Before lifting any load check for load to be seated safely in the center of table; AVOID OFF-CENTER LOAD LIFTING OF ANY KIND.

  4. Lift load by pumping hydraulic jack pedal to desired position; DO NOT lift a load until all persons are clear.

  5. Lower load by depressing lower pedal until table is on the lowest position.

  6. DO NOT move peda-lift table with load in a raised position.

Safety Procedure

  1. DO NOT use peda-lift table for lifting persons.

  2. DO NOT move peda-lift table until load has been lowered to lowest position.

  3. DO NOT leave peda-lift table unattended while load is suspended.

  4. DO NOT move load over the head of any person.

  5. DO NOT use peda-lift table when tired, distracted or under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication which cause diminished control.

  6. STAY ALERT, watch what you are doing and use common sense.

Refer to Form III.


back to table of contents


2.8 Reporting of Accidents

Minor accidents involving hazardous chemicals or the malfunction and/or breakdown of equipment must be reported to your supervisor. More serious accidents must be reported to the Department Safety Officer and the Head of the Department as well as to your supervisor.

All accidents involving personal injury must be reported promptly to your supervisor who is responsible for ensuring that the procedures below are followed. If your supervisor is not immediately available, contact the Department Safety Officer or the Head of the Department.

  • Apply first aid (first aid kits available on all floors); first aid should be given by someone who has had appropriate training

  • In the case of minor injuries that cannot be satisfactorily treated by first aid alone, or if there is any doubt, the injured person shall be sent or taken to the hospital emergency unit, or doctor of his/her choice. Queen's employee's should take along a completed copy of the Worker's Compensation Board "Treatment Memorandum" available from the Departmental Manager. If this form does not accompany the injured employee to the treatment centre then it must be filled out and sent to the treatment centre as soon as possible.

  • In the case of injuries that are more severe, or there is doubt about the severity of the injury, and emergency assistance is required, call ext.36111 from an internal phone (or 911 from an external phone). A SEVERELY INJURED PERSON MUST NOT BE MOVED without the advice of medical or ambulance personnel.

  • If it is necessary to call an ambulance, indicate the location of the injured person and the location of the nearest appropriate entrance to the building. If possible send someone to that entrance to lead the ambulance personnel to the injured person.

For all accidents involving critical injury or death:

  • Immediately call ext. 36111 for assistance

  • As soon as possible, notify your supervisor, the Head of the Department (or Safety Officer), and the Department of Environmental Health and Safety. The latter will notify the appropriate government agencies.

  • Do not touch anything associated with the accident, except for the purpose of saving life, relieving suffering or preventing unnecessary damage to equipment or property. The scene of an accident must be examined by the appropriate authorities.